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HONR 218 03: Honors Natural World Seminar, Assisted Reproductive Technology

Peer Review

Often times you might hear your professors tell you that they want an article that is either

peer reviewed; 


scholarly; and/or


These are all actually the same thing. 

Check out this short video to learn more about what peer review means: 

Popular vs. Trade vs. Scholarly Publications

Criteria Popular Magazine Trade Publication Scholarly Journal


Anyone People who works in the field Academics, scholars, and those studying in the field
Author Journalists, staff writers, or freelance writers
Staff writers, industry specialists, or vender representatives
Experts or specialists (often PhD)
  • General interest
  • Popular culture
  • General news
  • Entertainment
  • Industry related news
  • Trends
  • Techniques
  • Product reviews
  • Statistical data
  • Upcoming events
  • Original research (e.g., scientific experiments, surveys, and research studies)
  • Critical analysis of topics relative to the profession
  • Charts, diagrams, and/or tables showing data or experiment results (often included)
Advertisements? Almost always and in high quantities Advertising almost always present; ads relate to relevant industry, trade, or organization Occasionally, but highly specialized and specific to scholarly discipline
Editorial Review Professional editors
Professional editors
Journal editorial board and peer reviewers
References/Works Cited? Rarely Sometimes Almost always

Popular Sources
Works that are published by staff or freelance writers who do not have to have their work peer reviewed before publication. These can be useful for community perspectives or popular opinion as examples in a paper, though they should be supported by more scholarly evidence. 


Scholarly Sources
Works that have gone through a more detailed approval process for publication - usually peer review for articles or through an editor at a University Press. Because they have gone through editors and/or peer review, these tend to be less likely to contain mistakes and are written by experts in the field for others researching in the same field.